Colombia Case 1

  • 48 million people

  • 30% lives in rural zones

  • National poverty: 27%

  • Urban poverty: 24,4%

  • Rural poverty: 36,1%

*Data from DANE for 2018

9M people are victims from the armed conflict 8M victims of forced displacement.

*Data from the “Unidad de la Atención y Reparación integral a las Victimas (UARIV)”

UNIDOS Strategy

N

Coverage:

National

N

Beginning of the Program:

2005

N

Target population:

Households living in extreme poverty.
N

Institution in Charge:

Prosperidad Social
N

Components:

  • Family accompaniment
  • Community accompanimen
  • Social service offer management

 

    N

    Objective:

    The UNIDOS strategy focuses on households living in poverty and extreme poverty. It seeks to create actions towards their social inclusion by identifying the needs and accomplishments of the families it serves and managing the State offer to focus on interventions that suit them

    Familias en su Tierra (FEST)

    N

    Coverage:

    National
    N

    Beginning of the Program:

    2016

    N

    Target population:

    Victims of forced displacement in the process of returning or relocating in rural areas.

     

    N

    Institution in Charge:

    Prosperidad Social
    N

    Components:

    • Food security
    • Habitat and habitability
    • Productive project
    • Human and social capital
    N

    Objective:

    The “Familias En Su Tierra (FEST)” program focuses on aiding victims of forced displacement in their process of return and relocation. It aims to provide them with tools for social and productive inclusion, emphasizing the participants’ productive inclusion reflected in its component of productive projects.

    The articulation between social protection and rural development can help poor and vulnerable households overcome poverty traps and break its intergenerational transmission.

    The results of a study evaluating “Familias en Su Tierra (FEST)” and the UNIDOS strategy in Colombia provides some evidence about this. While FEST has direct effects on assets and daily work hours, joint participation in both programs positively impacts food security, social capital, and wellbeing aspirations and expectations.

    Although both programs are managed by the same entity, there is a low level of formal articulation between them, which is partially solved in the implementation process at a local level.

    To strengthen the articulation and benefit from the potential synergetic effect between the programs, an articulated attention strategy is proposed, which can contribute to the reduction of poverty and the attention to victims of the armed conflict.

    Results

    Impact evaluation

    • FEST, by itself, has positive effects on productive variables.
    • There are positive and possibly synergic effects between FEST and UNIDOS on social capital, informal savings, food security, the presence of home gardens, and wellbeing aspirations and espectations.
    • The synergic effects were achieved mainly through the indirect role of UNIDOS, which allows the beneficiaries to access State services, and the accompainment of the coach provided by the program.

    Institutional Analysis

    • There is a low level of coordination even though both programs are part of Prosperidad Social.
    • There is informal coordination at the local level. The “Mesas de Articulación Municipal (MAM)” are one key informal mechanism of coordination between the programs. They contribute to the coordination between local authoritieres as welll as between actors in charge of public programs.

     

    Entities

    Prosperidad Social

    Prosperidad Social is the organism of the National Government that seeks to establish policies, general plans, programs, and projects aimed towards (1) the assistance, attention, and reparation of victims of the armed conflict; (2) social inclusion; and (3) caring for vulnerable populations and their social and economic inclusion. To this end, the department works in the formulation and execution of social policy, as well as coordinating the “Unidad de Atención y Reparación Integral a las Víctimas (UARIV),” the “Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar” and the “Centro de Memoria Histórica.” It also manages and operates the conditional cash transfer program “Familias en Acción.”  

    Evaluation Metodologies

    Impact Evaluation 

    • Methodology: Propensity Score Matching
    • Objective: The main objective of this exercise was to study the existence of synergies between the two interventions and to understand if the implementation of the UNIDOS strategy enhances the household’s capacity to effectively make use of the institutional tools and the social services provided to them. It also seeks to identify the effects on households that receive only FEST, only UNIDOS, and both to identify the synergies and/or complementarities between both programs.
    • Implementing institution: Uniandes – CEDE
    • Tools:
      • Qualitative:
        • 49 Semi-structured interviews
          • Carried out in municipalities in the “Urabá Antioqueño” and “Montes de María” regions.
        • Seven types of households:
          • Households that, being similar to those that received the interventions, did not receive any.
          • Households that only received the UNIDOS strategy.
          • Households that only received “Familias en Acción.”
          • Households that only received FEST
          • Households that received both UNIDOS and FEST
          • Households that received FEST and “Familias en Acción.”
          • Households that received the three programs: FEST, “Familias en Acción,” and the UNIDOS strategy
        • Quantitative:
          • 2.377 surveys to both beneficiary and non-beneficiary households
            • 3 departments (Antioquia, Bolívar y Sucre)
            • 24 municipalities.

    The sample design is based on gathering information on different types of households: Those that received FEST; those that received the UNIDOS strategy; and those that, being similar to the others, did not receive either of the interventions.

    Institutional Analysis:

    • Objective: The institutional analysis has the objective of understanding the ways in which service integration and the articulation between different institutions and sectors can produce benefits that improve the effectiveness of Rural Development and social protection programs.
    • Implementing Institution: Uniandes – CEDE
    • Tools:

    The quantitative and qualitative information for this study was collected in three ways:

    • The revision and systematic analysis of laws, rulings, and operational guides to understand how the programs work and the normative framework in which they take place.
    • Interviews with actors both at the central and territorial levels, as well as a field visit to one of the “Mesa de Articulación Municipal (MAM)” of the FEST program.
    • In the household survey implemented for the impact evaluation, a “Processes” section was added. This section asked the participants about the activities, the usefulness, and the efficiency of their participation in the programs.

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    Cra 1 # 18A - 12  Bogotá - Colombia Código Postal 111711

     

    Universidad de los Andes | Vigilada Mineducación. Reconocimiento Personería Jurídica resolución 28 del 23 de febrero de febrero de 1949 Minjusticia