Mexico

  • 119,9 million people

  • 23% Lives in rural zones

  • National poverty: 41.9%

  • Urban poverty: 37,6%

  • Rural poverty: 53,3%

* Data from CONNEVAL for 2018

PROSPERA

N

Coverage

National

N

Beginning of the program:

2014[1] 

N

Target population:

Extremely poor households.
N

Institution in Charge:

Secretaria de Desarrollo Social, SEDESOL
N

Components:

  • Nutrition
  • Health
  • Education
  • Access to services (labor market, productive, and financial inclusion)
N

Objective:

PROSPERA’s main goal was to articulate and coordinate the institutional supply of programs and social policy actions (including entrepreneurship, income generation, economic wellbeing, labor market and financial inclusion, education, nutrition, and health) towards extremely poor households under a framework of co-responsibility.

 

PROINPRO

N
Coverage:
26 municipalities in 3 states (Guerrero, Hidalgo, and Zacatecas), serving 211 localities.

N

Beginning of the program:

2016

N

Target Population:

Female beneficiaries of PROSPERA in the selected localities.
N

Institution in Charge:

Secretaria de Desarrollo Social, SEDESOL
N

Components:

  • Productive inclusion
  • Institutional strengthening
  • Financial inclusion

 

    N

    Objective:

    PROINPRO stated as its objective “that the families benefiting from PROSPERA in the rural environment increase their income sustainably and independently through the implementation of profitable and sustainable productive activities” (IFAD, 2015. Translated).

    [1] PROSPERA was the third stage in the development process of the conditional cash transfer programs, it was preceded by Progresa (1997-2001) and the “Programa de Desarrollo Humano Oportunidades” (2002-2013).

    The articulation between social protection and rural development can help poor and vulnerable households overcome poverty traps and break its intergenerational transmission.

    The “Programa de Inclusión Productiva Rural (PROINPRO)” was part of PROSPERA’s productive inclusion strategy. It relied on its articulation capacity with existing rural development programs in Mexico. Both PROSPERA and PROIMPRO ceased to operate with the arrival of Lopez Obrador to the presidency in 2019.

    The institutional analysis results are not positive. The articulation did not occur as planned, which had repercussions in the execution and results of PROINPRO. These difficulties are evidence of the need to complement the political support that the initiative did receive with a viable and timely technical design.

    This reiterates the importance of simplifying formal articulation instances and reinforcing them with monetary incentives, as well as generating vertical articulation mechanisms that facilitate its implementation.

    Results

    Results of the Analysis

    • The productive, work, and financial component of PROSPERA, of which PROPIMPRO is part, is based on a high level political strategic framework (the “Estrategia Nacional de Inclusión Productiva (ENIP)”).
    • Operatively, the initiative relied on the “Subcomité Técnico de Empleo, Ingreso y Ahorro (STEIA),” which was in charge of ensuring the articulation. However, its results were limited. Though PROPIMPRO was conceived as a high-level space for discussion and negotiation, it gradually lost its influence and stopped operating with representatives who had the power to make decisions.
    • Only declarative compromises were achieved, which did not translate into an adequate prioritization of the PROSPERA beneficiaries from the productive development programs (PDPs) or a consistent allocation of resources. From the 17 PDPs expected to coordinate with PROINPRO, only two did: “Opciones Productivas” and “El Campo en Nuestras Manos.”
    • Though PROINPRO was effectively short-lived and filled with accidents, it contributed to disseminating information about the PDPs, its operating rules, and participation mechanisms to a population that previously ignored their existence.

    Implementing Institutions

    “Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL)” up until 2018. Currently “Secretaría de Bienestar”

    SEDESOL is one of the State Secretariats that integrates the president’s legal cabinet. It oversees the designing, planning, executing, and coordinating public policy related to social development and wellbeing. It manages the creation of social programs aimed toward fighting marginalization, supports inclusion projects for vulnerable populations, and foments economic development, cooperation societies, and other forms of collective organization that promote economic development in marginalized zones. It was also in charge of the implementation and management of PROPSERA.

    Evaluation Methodologies

    Institutional Analysis:

    • Objective: The institutional analysis aimed to understand the institutional mechanisms that defined the effectiveness and the articulation restrictions between PROINPRO and the institutions in charge of the Productive Development Programs (PDPs) related to the program, especially PROSPERA. It did so by evaluating the processes and formal and informal articulation mechanisms that took place between these institutions.
    • Implementing institution: Rimisp
    • Tools:

    Normative documents (Decrees, Operation rules) and those regarding the program’s design; operative guidelines; and activity reports from the different programs, projects, and components.

    External evaluations carried out in the context of the “Sistema de Evaluación y Desempeño Mexicano”.

    Survey of the arrangement between IFAD and PROSPERA.

    Progress reports.

    Finding documents and other reports.

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      Universidad de los Andes | Vigilada Mineducación. Reconocimiento Personería Jurídica resolución 28 del 23 de febrero de febrero de 1949 Minjusticia