Peru

  • 32 million inhabitants

  • 20,7 % lives in rural zones

  • National poverty 20,5 %

  • Urban14,4 %

  • Rural 42,1 %

* Data from INEI for 2018

Haku Wiñay (HW)

N

Coverage

National

N

Beginning of the program

2012

N

Targeted population

Rural households living in extreme poverty.
N

Institution in Charge

“Fondo de Cooperación para el Desarrollo Social (FONCODES)” of the Ministry for Development and Social Inclusion (MIDIS)

 

 

N

Components

  • Strengthening of the family’s production system.
  • Home improvement
  • Promotion of inclusive rural enterprises
  • Promotion of financial capacities

 

    N

    Objective

    To develop productive capacities and rural enterprises in the families that benefit from the program. It seeks to increase and diversify sustainable independent income for households living in poverty and extreme poverty.

    Soft Skills program

    N

    Coverage

    Haku Wiñay beneficiaries

    N

    Beginning of the program

    2018-2019

    N

    Targeted population

    Haku Wiñay beneficiaries selected randomly.
    N

    Institution in Charge

    University of California, Davis and Instituto de Estudios Peruanos (IEP)

    N

    Components

    Coaching on soft skills.

     

    N

    Objective

    To strengthen the soft skills of its beneficiaries so that these skills contribute to fulfilling HW’s goals.

    JUNTOS

    N

    Coverage

    National

    N

    Beginning of the program

    2005

    N

    Targeted population

    Families living in extreme poverty with pregnant women, widowed parents, older adults, and/or children under 19 years of age. Indigenous families living in the Amazon.
    N

    Institution in Charge

    Ministry for Development and Social Inclusion (MIDIS)

    N

    Components

    • Monetary transfers
    • Family accompaniment

     

    N

    Objective

    To break the intergenerational transmission of poverty by developing human capital in kids and teenagers that live in poverty.

     

    The articulation between social protection and rural development can help poor and vulnerable households overcome poverty traps and break its intergenerational transmission.

    The Haku Wiñay program shows positive impacts on income and the adoption of new technologies in the beneficiaries of the Juntos program. At the same time, the results from the study of the soft skills coaching suggest that it can enhance the effects of Haku Wiñay when it comes to the implementation of the technologies promoted by the program.

    The articulation between Juntos and Haku Wiñay is distant, as the initial focalization criteria, which was the link between the programs, were modified. Given the positive impacts that come from the synergies, it is recommended to evaluate the possibilities of changing these selection criteria so that HW treats more of the Juntos population and support their exit strategy.

    At a local level, there is informal coordination through the coaches of the Juntos program. A proposal that arises from the study is to strengthen their role in delivering messages about nutrition, which seem to be creating favorable patterns in the households’ diets.

     

    Results

    Impact Evaluation

    • Haku Wiñay shows an Increase in the income of the treated households and the adotpion of technologies promoted by the program. However, there is heterogeneitry in the impact on income, which means that the productive project is not a substitute for the cash transfers, as not all of the households can take advantage of the projects .
    • the soft skills project shows positive changes in the adoption of new technologies regarding Cuy production, a technology encouraged by HW.
    • This result suggests that the soft skills program has the potential to enhance the effects of Haky Wiñay.

    Institutional Analysis

    • The failure of the first attempt at coordination between the MIDIS and the “Ministerio de Agricultura y Riego” represents a lost opportunity to capitalize on the potential of jointly providing coaching services and productive infrastructure, as well as a misuse of the exprience and innovation organisms of the Ministry for Agriculture.
    • The initial articulation between Juntos and HW was done through the focalization, this was lost in time as the focalization criteria changed.
    • Informal coordination  at the local level seems to be bringing about positive changes in the feeding habits of the households.

     

    Entities

    Ministerio de Desarrollo e Inclusión Social (MIDIS) (Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion)

    MIDIS is the organism in charge of social development, poverty reduction, and promoting social inclusion and equity. It is also in charge of the social protection of the population living in conditions of risk, vulnerability, and abandonment in the Republic of Peru.  It manages the direction and implementation of the Juntos program.

    El Fondo de Cooperación para el Desarrollo Social (FONCODES) (The Cooperation Fund for Social Development)

    FONCODES is a national program of MIDIS that works on creating more sustainable economic opportunities for households living in extreme poverty, facilitating the communication between private actors at the supply and demand sides of the goods and services required to strengthen these households’ ventures. In doing so, FENCODES contributes to the weakening of the exclusion dynamics that prevent these households from integrating to the aforementioned markets. The fund oversees the direction and implementation of the Haku Wiñay program.

    Instituto de Estudios Peruanos (IEP)

    The Instituto de Estudios Peruanos (IEP) is a research center focused on social sciences and characterized by its interdisciplinary, pluralistic, and independent research in Peru and Latin America. The institute aims to broaden the scope of research when tackling the social problem of Peru by looking at its historical, economic, social, political, and cultural aspects; thus, gaining a more accurate perspective of the national reality. IEP’s research seeks to identify the hindering factors for the sustainable development of the Peruvian society and propose ways to overcome them.

     The IEP, in cooperation with the University of California, Davis, oversees the case study in Peru.

    Economics department of UC-Davis

    The University of California, Davis (UCDavis) is a public university that specializes in agriculture. The economics department of UCDavis has maintained a strong emphasis on rigorous quantitative research, applied to topics related to public policy, such as poverty, the environment, globalization, education, and innovation.

    UCDavis, working with the IEP, oversees the case study of Peru.

    Impact Evaluation

    Impact Evaluation

    • Methodology: Regression discontinuity
    • Objective:
      • To evaluate the impact of Haku Wiñay on its beneficiaries.
      • To evaluate the additional impact of the Soft Skills coaching program on Haku Wiñay users.
      • To evaluate the direct impact of the Soft Skills coaching program.

    To evaluate the impact of Haku Wiñay, a regression discontinuity method was used, taking population centers with at least 60% of households suffering from at least one unmet basic need as the selection threshold in the 2017 eligible population centers sample. The evaluation of the effect of the Soft Skills Coaching program took advantage of the randomized selection of the households that received the program to implement an experimental methodology, controlling for the percentage of the population that received the program in any given population center. All the households in the sample were beneficiaries of the Juntos program.

    • Implementing institution: IEP & UCDavis
    • Tools:
      • Qualitative:

    Interviews with users of the program in 9 population centers were carried out in 2019.

        

    Interviews with yachachiqs[1] in one of the population centers took place in 2018

    [1] The Yachachiq give coaching and technical assistance under the farmer-to-farmer methodology of the program. They are farmers or technicians in farming extraction who are recognized for having produced and collected knowledge regarding the day to day activities on the field, and they are highly regarded in their communities.

     

    Haku Wiñay housholds, 2017 cohort

      • Quantitative

    A Survey was conducted in 23 population centers assigned to the control group, covering 338 households; and 26 population centers assigned to the treatment group, covering 661 households.

    Institutional Analysis

    • Objective:

      The institutional analysis aimed to understand the restrictions and opportunities present in the articulation between the Juntos and Haku Wiñay programs. To that goal, the study looked at three relevant aspects: (i) the attempts from MIDIS to articulate Juntos with other rural development initiatives of MINAGRI, (ii) the evolution of the selection criteria for Haku Wiñay, and (iii) the articulation spaces and opportunities at the local level during the implementation of the programs, and the role of the local operators. The study took a mixed approach, using both primary and secondary sources of information.

    • Implementing institution: IEP

    [2]  The Yachachiq give coaching and technical assistance under the farmer-to-farmer methodology of the program. They are farmers or technicians in farming extraction who are recognized for having produced and collected knowledge regarding the day to day activities on the field, and they are highly regarded in their communities.   

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    Universidad de los Andes | Vigilada Mineducación. Reconocimiento Personería Jurídica resolución 28 del 23 de febrero de febrero de 1949 Minjusticia